Bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm.
In this note In shā’Allāh, I want to share with you some brief reflections on this awesome sūrah of the Qurʾān. sūrah al-ʿAnkabūt (The Spider). This is the 29th sūrah of the Qurʾān and in this sūrah the context of revelation is that, it is one in which the Prophet (ṣall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam) and his companions were being tortured physically at this point in Mecca. So people like Khabbab ibn Al-Arat was actually forced on the ground on burning coal and his torturers stood on him until the skin off of his back was melted off. So these horrible, horrible things were happening to Muslims.
In particularly, the narration says, Khabbab came to Prophet (ṣall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam) and said, ❝Why are these things happening to us if we are the believers?❞
And the Prophet (ṣall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam) first he responded to him – and the following ayat came down:
‘Aĥasiba An-Nāsu ‘An Yutrakū ‘An Yaqūlū’Āmannā Wa Hum Lā Yuftanūna
[Have people assumed that there are just going to be left alone after they say they have faith and there are not going to be put to test.]
This sūrah so remarkably, first talks about the believers being patient and in order to teach them a lesson about patience immediately it goes to:
Wa Laqad ‘Arsalnā Nūĥāan ‘Ilá Qawmihi
[We send Nūḥ to his nation and he remained with them]
Falabitha Fīhim ‘Alfa Sanatin ‘Illā Khamsīna `Āmāan Fa’akhadhahumu Aţ-Ţūfānu Wa Hum Žālimūn
[He remained with them a thousand years safe fifty, say 950 years he was with them]
So, Allāh says that basically they were people before you that had to endure a lot more and Allāh gives of course the prime example – Nūḥ (ʿalay-hi salām).
But when Allāh mentions Nūḥ (ʿalay-hi salām), Allāh says something beautiful. Allāh says:
Fa’anjaynāhu Wa ‘Aşĥāba As-Safīnati Wa Ja`alnāhā ‘Āyatan Lil`ālamīna
[We rescued him and the people on the ship with him and we left it as a sign for those who believe].
So, Allāh talks about them being saved, being rescued. Allāh talks immediately then of Ibrāhīm (ʿalay-hi salām), who had a quarrel with his dad. The people said, ‘We should burn him. We should kill or burn him.’
And Allāh says:
Fa’anjāhu Al-Lahu Mina An-Nāri
Allāh rescued him from fire.
Allāh rescued Nūḥ (ʿalay-hi salām) from water and Allāh rescued Ibrāhīm (ʿalay-hi salām) from fire after that.
The two extremes, the two things you can be destroyed with, and you’re rescued from both of them.
And then Allāh says to the believers:
‘Inna Fī Dhālika La’āyātin Liqawmin Yu’uminūna
[In all of that are many signs, many lessons for people who want to believe].
And as Allāh’s talking about Ibrāhīm, Allāh starts talking about his nephew Lūt (ʿalay-hi salām).
Lūt (ʿalay-hi salām) is also given an escape. He escapes, he is able to get away because the angels come and they bring good news to Ibrahim but they destroy the nation of Lūt (ʿalay-hi salām) and Lūt (ʿalay-hi salām) able to escape.
Why are these stories important? The sūrah began talking about Muslims have to be patient. And then it talks about three situations where the punishment of God is on its way and the prophets escape.
Allāh further says in this sūrah:
Wa Lā Tujādilū ‘Ahla Al-Kitābi ‘Illā Bi-Atī Hiya ‘Aĥsanu ‘Illā Al-Ladhīna Žalamū Minhum
[Don’t go debating with the people of the book except with the better way. When they something harsh, say something nicer in response. Except the ones that are really wrong doing among them and you deal with them harshly]
And at the end, the last ayah of the sūrah says:
Wa Al-Ladhīna Jāhadū Fīnā Lanahdiyannahum Subulanā Wa ‘Inna Al-Laha Lama`a Al-Muĥsinīna
[Those who struggle in our path We guide them to our multiple pathways]
Allāh says, people who struggle for us, we guide them to our multiple pathways.
In our life, in our spiritual lives across in the span of history whoever struggles for Allāh, Allāh guides them to His pathways.
So my dear brothers, Allāh is giving us instructions, and Allāh is telling us what to do and how to think and how to live by.
So lets keep the following points in mind:
TRUST IN ALLĀH
AND ALLĀH WILL GUIDE US.