❝Secrets of Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave)❞
Ever wondered why Prophet Muḥammad (ṣall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam) asked us to recite Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave) every Friday?
Let’s ﬁnd out today In shā’Allāh…
This sūrah has Four stories in it, having some morals. Lets see and understand what they are saying to us ―
❝The People Of The Cave (Ashabu Al-Kahf)❞
Its the story of young men, who lived in a disbelieving town. So, they decided to migrate for the sake of Allāh and ran away and took refuge in a cave where they fell asleep ― Allāh rewarded them with mercy in the cave and protection from the sun ― They wake up after 309 years and find the entire village, believers.
MORAL ― TRIAL OF FAITH.
❝The Owner Of Two Gardens❞
A story of a man whom Allāh had blessed with two beautiful gardens, but the man forgot to thank the One who blessed him with everything, and he even dared to doubt Allāh regarding the afterlife. So, His garden were destroyed ― He regretted, but was too late and his regret did not beneﬁt him .
MORAL ― TRIAL OF WEALTH.
❝Mūsā (ʿalay-hi salām) and Khidr❞
When Mūsā (ʿalay-hi salām) was asked ― “Who’s the most knowledgeable of the people of earth?” Mūsā (ʿalay-hi salām) said, “Me”; But Allāh revealed to him that there’s someone who Knows more than him. Mūsā (ʿalay-hi salām) traveled to the man and learnt how the Divine Wisdom can sometimes be hidden in matters which we perceive as bad.
MORAL ― TRIAL OF KNOWLEDGE.
Its a story of the great King, that was given knowledge and power and was going around the world, helping people and spreading all that’s good. He was able to overcome the problem of yaʾjūju and Maʾjūj and build a massive dam with the help of people whom he could not even understand.
MORAL ― TRIAL OF POWER.
In the middle Allah mentions Iblīs as the one who stirs these trials:
❝wa-ʾidh qulnā li-l-malāʾikati sjudū li-ʾādama fa-sajadū ʾillā ʾiblīsa kāna mina l-jinni fa-fasaqa ʿan ʾamri rabbihī ʾa-fa-tattakhidhūnahū wa-dhurriyyatahū ʾawliyāʾa min dūnī wa-hum lakum ʿaduwwun biʾsa li-ẓ-ẓālimīna badalan❞
[When We said to the angels, ‘Prostrate before Adam,’ they prostrated, but not Iblis. He was one of the jinn, so he transgressed against his Lord’s command. Will you then take him and his offspring for guardians in My stead, though they are your enemies? How evil a substitute for the wrongdoers!]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 50.
There is a ḥadīth in Sahīh Muslim that states that Muḥammad (ṣall Allāhu ʿalay-hi wa-sallam) said (Concerning The False Messiah, Al-Masīḥ ad-Dajjāl):
❝He who amongst you would survive to see him should recite over him the opening verses of Sura Kahf❞
— Sahīh Muslim, Book 41, Number 7015
Now let us see what’s the relationship between Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave) and Al-Masīḥ ad-Dajjāl (The Anti-Christ)?
Al-Masīḥ ad-Dajjāl will appear before Day of Judgement with the 4 trials:
— He’ll ask people to worship him and not Allah: TRIAL OF FAITH.
— He’ll be given powers to start/stop rain and tempt people with his wealth: TRIAL WITH HIS WEALTH
— He’ll trial people with the “knowledge” and news he gives them: TRIAL OF KNOWLEDGE.
— He’ll control huge parts of the Earth: TRIAL OF POWER.
How to survive these trials? The answers are in Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave).
—— Good companionship:
❝wa-ṣbir nafsaka maʿa lladhīna yadʿūna rabbahum bi-l-ghadāti wa-l-ʿashiyyi yurīdūna wajhahū wa-lā taʿdu ʿaynāka ʿanhum turīdu zīnata l-ḥayāti d-dunyā wa-lā tuṭiʿ man ʾaghfalnā qalbahū ʿan dhikrinā wa-ttabaʿa hawāhu wa-kāna ʾamruhū furuṭan❞
[Content yourself with the company of those who supplicate their Lord morning and evening, desiring His Face, and do not loose sight of them, desiring the glitter of the life of this world. And Do not obey him whose heart We have made oblivious to Our remembrance, and who follows his own desires, and whose conduct is [mere] profligacy.]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 28.
—— Knowing the Truth of this World:
❝wa-ḍrib lahum mathala l-ḥayāti d-dunyā ka-māʾin ʾanzalnāhu mina s-samāʾi fa-khtalaṭa bihī nabātu l-ʾarḍi fa-ʾaṣbaḥa hashīman tadhrūhu r-riyāḥu wa-kāna llāhu ʿalā kulli shayʾin muqtadiran❞
[Draw for them the parable of the life of this world: [It is] like the water We send down from the sky. Then the earth’s vegetation mingles with it. Then it becomes chaff, scattered by the wind. And Allah is omnipotent over all things]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 45.
❝qāla sa-tajidunī ʾin shāʾa llāhu ṣābiran wa-lā ʾaʿṣī laka ʾamran❞
[He said, ‘You will find me, God willing, to be patient, and I will not disobey you in any matter.’]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 69.
❝qul ʾinnamā ʾana basharun mithlukum yūḥā ʾilayya ʾannamā ʾilāhukum ʾilāhun wāḥidun fa-man kāna yarjū liqāʾa rabbihī fa-l-yaʿmal ʿamalan ṣāliḥan wa-lā yushrik bi-ʿibādati rabbihī ʾaḥadan❞
[Say, ‘I am just a human being like you. It has been revealed to me that your God is the One God. So whoever expects to encounter his Lord —let him act righteously, and not associate anyone with the worship of his Lord.’]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 110.
—— Calling to Allāh:
❝wa-tlu mā ʾūḥiya ʾilayka min kitābi rabbika lā mubaddila li-kalimātihī wa-lan tajida min dūnihī multaḥadan❞
[Recite what has been revealed to you from your Lord’s Book. Nothing can change His words, and you will never find any refuge besides Him.]
― Al-Qur’ān, Sūrah al-Kahf (The Cave), Chapter 18, verse 27.
—— Remembering the HereAfter:
❝wa-yawma nusayyiru l-jibāla wa-tarā l-ʾarḍa bārizatan wa-ḥasharnāhum fa-lam nughādir minhum ʾaḥada❞
[The day We shall set the mountains moving and you will see the earth in full view, We shall muster them, and We will not leave out anyone of them]
❝wa-ʿuriḍū ʿalā rabbika ṣaffan la-qad jiʾtumūnā ka-mā khalaqnākum ʾawwala marratin bal zaʿamtum ʾal-lan najʿala lakum mawʿidan❞
[They will be presented before your Lord in ranks: ‘Certainly you have come to Us just as We created you the first time. Rather you maintained that We shall not appoint a tryst for you.’]
❝wa-wuḍiʿa l-kitābu fa-tarā l-mujrimīna mushfiqīna mimmā fīhi wa-yaqūlūna yā-waylatanā mā-li hādhā l-kitābi lā yughādiru ṣaghīratan wa-lā kabīratan ʾillā ʾaḥṣāhā wa-wajadū mā ʿamilū ḥāḍiran wa-lā yaẓlimu rabbuka ʾaḥadan❞
[The Book will be set up. Then you will see the guilty apprehensive of what is in it. They will say, ‘Woe to us! What a book is this! It omits nothing, big or small, without enumerating it.’ They will find present whatever they had done, and your Lord does not wrong anyone.]
May Allāh (subhan’awa ta’āla) save us from the trials of Al-Masīḥ ad-Dajjāl.